1. ¿What is BIM?
BIM (Building Information Modelling) is a collaborative work methodology for management of building or civil works projects through a digital model. This digital model forms a great database that allows management of elements that make up the infrastructure throughout its lifecycle.
BIM methodology is resulting in a real technological revolution for the production and management chain of building and infrastructures. This tool allows us to build in a more efficient way, reducing costs while allowing designers, builders and other agents involved in the value chain to work in collaboration.
2. But isn’t this only for buildings?
No, the sphere of BIM application is both buildings and infrastructure. The “B” of the term BIM (Building) must be understood in the broadest sense of the word, that is in the sense of “Construction”.
Although it is true that the application of BIM methodology in the building sector is more widespread, amongst the objectives of the es.BIM initiative is achieving the implementation of this new form of work also in the field of civil work.
3. How is BIM used?
BIM is not a digital tool, BIM is not used, it is a form of working: modelling of information and management in a teamwork environment.
The rich experience in 3D, digital simulations, analysis of all the design phases, construction and operation and maintenance, as well as information within models facilitates decision-making, leading to better results, clarity, an improvement in communication, a decrease in risk and, lastly, improved efficiency.
4. What can I do with BIM that I cannot do with a conventional form of work?
BIM models associate more information about the different geometric elements in a structured manner. This allows us to build the project documentation in a much more structured way.
BIM work environments allow this information to be shared by the different participants in the project and also between the different stages of design, construction and operation. For example, an engineer is capable of using the information from an architect to prepare energy calculations or a contractor can check the coordination of the contributions of the different members of the project’s team. The planning of the work and the budget can also be obtained using BIM.
The most important thing is that, BIM has the potential to allow the information contained in the model to be transformed into formats that can be used by infrastructure operators allowing both exploitation and maintenance to be conducted in an efficient manner.
5. But does it not cost money?
The reality is that BIM has the potential for its company to unblock more efficient ways of collaborative work and offer a better project to its clients (both public and private).
BIM is not something that can be bought at a till. And it is true that it may be necessary to make an investment in technology but BIM is much more than technology, it is a new way of working.
It is much more important to focus on people (BIM awareness-raising, training) and on processes (management and use of information).
6. OK, but how much will it cost me to implement it?
This is a recurrent question, however, we believe that it should be reformulated as follows: what is the cost for my business if we do not do it?
The cost of BIM implementation is proportional to the results aimed for. If it is treated as an organisation change policy, the main cost will be on staff time, awareness-raising, training, etc.
The hard truth is that it will be necessary to use some new IT tools, however, once again the cost of this will depend on what you need to do with the model: creation of models or their management. In any case, it is necessary to highlight that most of the BIM design revision tools are free.
7. What strategy does the Government aim to adopt?
The key element of the strategy adopted by the Government is the collaboration between the different actors from all sectors involved, with the process being led through the Ministry of Public Works. In this manner, through public-private collaboration the implementation of the BIM methodology includes the needs of all actors involved.
Through adopting “top-down” (those influenced by the government) and “bottom-up” strategies (influenced by agents involved) we achieve the Government leading the definition of the lines of action while the private sector can propose the development of new initiatives.
Once the Government defines the requirements in the widest terms, it will be the private sector that develops the solution to a sufficient level of detail. And likewise, the proposals about new initiatives developed from the private sector will be coordinated and included in the legislation by the Government.
8. What are the benefits of this Government strategy?
The main objective pursued through the implementation of BIM in Spain is to increase the productivity of the construction sector and significantly save on spending on maintenance of assets through the use of BIM systems.
The positive consequences of it are:
- Adaptation to the new international trends
- Increase of quality in projects and works
- Reduction of costs in projects and works
- Improvement of the management and reduction of costs following construction
- Increased transparency in information
- Greater focus on sustainability of infrastructure
- Stimulation of the infrastructure market
- Improvement of the national industry and of its training in internationalisation
- Improvement of Brand Spain
9. How will the implementation of BIM affect SMEs?
BIM systems are already commonly used by many SMEs in Spain. The acceleration of the development of standards of exchange of information and protocols will help the adoption of effective forms of work with the BIM methodology.
It is true that the adoption of BIM by the whole contracting supply chain will require a greater development of the capacity of all of them. However, the implementation of the BIM requirements will take place such that the necessary competencies and capacities can be developed by all agents involved.
10. Is there any official “BIM certification” that is necessary for working with BIM?
No. Nowadays no official body exists whose functions include the accreditation of capacities, abilities or competencies of the different professionals with the aim of certifying the possibility of developing work in BIM.
Currently, the only thing that exists are private bodies approved by leading companies in the new technologies sector that issue certificates of having received specific training with regard to the BIM methodology.
11. What is the plan for its implementation in Spain?
The Ministry of Public Works is leading the process through the Public Works Undersecretary. This Ministry has promoted the creation of the es.BIM initiative with the aim of accelerating the implementation of BIM in Spain. For this the group es.BIM was created through which the aims are:
- To establish the strategy to achieve a certain level of maturity, which will increase progressively (soft landing) avoiding great changes that may be traumatic for the sector.
- To promote the use of BIM in the professional and educational sphere.
- To position Spain as a reference point worldwide in the use of BIM.
- To represent Spain in all of the different international forums.
- To promote innovation in the infrastructure sector.
- To analyse the best practices carried out by the most successful international initiatives.
- To establish the road map and the implementation schedule.
It is a public-private multidisciplinary collaboration group open to all agents involved: administrations, engineering companies, construction companies, universities, professionals, etc.
12. How is the es.BIM initiative organised?
The es.BIM initiative promoted by the Ministry of Public Works is assembled through three levels:
- BIM Commission
- Technical Committee
- Work Groups
<img ” src=”../wp-content/uploads/2015/07/comision1-604×249.png” alt=”comision” />
The Commission is the Executive Committee of the National Implementation Strategy and is presided over by Mr. Mario Garcés, Undersecretary of Public Works.
In the Commission all of the Agents affected in this implementation process are represented, belonging both to the public and private sectors.
The Technical Committee is the body in charge of coordinating amongst it the work of the Work Groups and managing their relationship with the Commission.
The Committee will be in charge of guaranteeing cross-cooperation between the different Groups since the tasks and duties of all of them will be very much interrelated. It will likewise monitor the activity of the Groups to report to the Commission.
The composition of the Work Groups is open, and all organisations or persons who consider that they can contribute to the subjects defined in each of the groups can be incorporated into each of them.
Assignment to each of the Groups is carried out by writing to the Commission’s secretary (ComisionBIM@ineco.com).
13. Which bodies and institutions are represented in the BIM Commission?
The BIM Commission comprises of different agents and organisations belonging both to the public and private sectors. Bodies and institutions of all kinds are represented in this commission: Ministers, Public Companies, Professional Associations, Constructors Associations and Engineering Associations.
14. How is the work going to be carried out in the Work Groups?
Each work group will be organised as follows:
- Coordination: each Work Group will have a Coordinator in charge of the tasks of coordination and stimulation of the Group.
- Specific sub-groups: given that the general subject of each of the Groups is very wide, specific Subgroups will be established to develop tasks or specific subjects. Each of these Subgroups will have a head who will also be head of the task assigned. In order to ensure the operability of these subgroups, the intention is for them to have no more than five or six people; although there may be some exceptions in cases in which the work volume requires more people.
Insofar as possible and considering the dimension of each of the Work Groups, communication will be carried out online, with general meetings of the Groups being held only once a year, coming together in the es.BIM Conferences.
15. How can I collaborate actively with the es.BIM initiative?
Collaboration with es.BIM is open to all organisations or people who consider that they can contribute something to the initiative. This participation will be carried out through the work Groups and Subgroups.
Assignment to each of the Groups is carried out by writing to the Commission’s secretary (ComisionBIM@ineco.com).
In order to be able to participate in a specific Subgroup it will be necessary to send to the abovementioned address the form of Assignment to work Subgroups found in the Downloads area of this website. The period for submitting applications for the first Work Subgroups established ends on 25 November.
16. How can I contact es.BIM?
You can contact us at any moment through the e-mail address of the BIM Commission’s Secretary: ComisionBIM@ineco.com
With the aim of providing a quicker management of communications, if your consultation is related to any Work Group in particular, please structure the subject of the e-mail as follows: “esBIM.GTx: + text” (where “x” is the Work Group number).